X-Ray Diffraction (XRD)
X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) is primarily used in the identification and quantification (rietveld method) of crystalline compounds in rocks, soils, and particulates. It is also an essential technique for researching the nature of clay minerals.
At Townend Mineralogy Laboratory, we use a Panalytical Xpert X-Ray Diffraction system coupled with a state-of-the-art Pixel Detector to yield a vast amount of information.
To avoid x-ray spectra overlaps or errors in interpretation due to the poor crystalline nature of some rock/mineral samples, Townend Mineralogy Laboratory combines XRD with other techniques, such as Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy to ensure the highest quality analysis and interpretation. These additional techniques are also useful in identifying phases present that are below the detection limit of XRD analysis.